Tailgating is a type of social engineering attack in which an unauthorized person gains physical access to a restricted area by following an authorized person through a door. This is often done by waiting for an authorized person to open a door and then quickly following them inside before the door closes.
Tailgating is a relatively simple attack to execute, and it can be very effective if the attacker is able to blend in and appear to be authorized. In some cases, the attacker may even dress in a way that makes them look like an employee, or they may carry a clipboard or other item that makes them appear to be busy and in a hurry.
Once the attacker is inside the restricted area, they can then steal sensitive information, damage property, compromise user credentials, or even install malware on computers.
Here are some examples of tailgating attacks:
- An attacker waits outside a building and follows an employee through the door as they are leaving for lunch.
- An attacker dresses in a security uniform and tailgates an employee through the front door of a company.
- An attacker poses as a delivery driver and tailgates an employee through the loading dock door of a warehouse.
There are a number of things that organizations can do to protect themselves from tailgating attacks, including:
- Installing security cameras at entrances and exits to restricted areas.
- Using mantraps, which are two sets of doors that must be opened in sequence to gain access to a restricted area.
- Requiring all employees to wear identification badges.
- Training employees to be aware of tailgating attacks and to report suspicious activity to security personnel.
By taking these steps, organizations can help to prevent tailgating attacks and protect their physical security and sensitive data.
Here are some additional tips for preventing tailgating attacks:
- Always keep doors closed behind you when you enter or leave a restricted area.
- Be suspicious of anyone who asks you to hold a door open for them.
- If you see someone tailgating, report it to security immediately.
- Don’t be afraid to ask for identification from anyone who appears to be unauthorized.
By following these tips, you can help to keep your organization safe from tailgating attacks.